12V LiFePO4 Battery Be Used in Electric Scooters
The battery is a key component of any electric scooter and understanding how different types of batteries differ in chemistry, design and manufacture can help consumers make a more informed decision about which model to purchase. Key specifications such as voltage output, capacity (measured in mAh or Ah), and frequency of use play an important role in determining the optimal power source for individual riding needs and expectations.
While most manufacturers claim their scooters utilize Li-ion batteries, not all of them are clear about which type of Li-ion they are using. Most use the term Li-ion to mean any of the lithium based technologies; however, it is also possible that they are only using a specific variant of lithium such as LiFePO4 or LiMn2O4. Regardless of which technology they are using, it is crucial to understand how the battery works to ensure safe and consistent operation.
Unlike lead acid or nickel-metal hydride batteries, LiFePO4 batteries have much lower self-discharge rates when not in use. They are also up to 70% lighter, making them easier to handle and freeing up space in the motor compartment. These benefits combine to provide a more powerful, efficient and durable power source for any scooter application.
A common complaint among scooter owners is that their battery seems to lose its charge faster than it should. While this may be due to an aging battery, it could also be caused by not charging it regularly or using the wrong charger. In either case, upgrading to a Dakota Lithium battery will allow for increased driving range and improved performance for the life of the 12V LiFePO4 Battery.
Can a 12V LiFePO4 Battery Be Used in Electric Scooters?
The maximum load and amperage a battery can handle depends on the number of cells used to create it. To build a battery pack with hundreds or even thousands of watt hours, many individual 18650 Li-ion cells are assembled together into a brick-like structure and connected in series to sum up their total voltage. Each cell is then monitored and regulated by an integrated circuit known as a battery management system (BMS).
Battery capacities are typically measured in Ampere-hours or Watt-hours and indicate how much energy can be stored within it on a single charge. Generally speaking, larger capacity batteries have higher Ah ratings which translate to greater running times between charges. However, the downside to this is that they are usually heavier than smaller batteries.
It is also important to consider the power output that a battery can handle during normal operation, especially when driving uphill or under heavy loads. Batteries with a higher max continuous current rating can handle heavier loads without overheating or damaging the internal wiring or BMS.
It is essential to note that a battery’s charge and discharge rate, as well as its temperature rating, all impact its overall lifetime. For example, a battery that can be safely charged in temperatures below freezing can endure thousands of recharge cycles while retaining its performance characteristics. On the other hand, a battery that cannot be charged in cold temperatures will experience a gradual loss of capacity over time.